Case 3: Gang Leader for a day
Sudhir Venkatesh as a first year PhD sociology student set off with his clipboard to study the urban poor in government high-rise housing near the University of Chicago. He was held overnight by the gang hanging out in the stairwell whose leader decided to make him leader for the day to show him how difficult running a gang was. This gave him invaluable insight into the economics and social rules of a U.S. gang, but many have criticised his research. For example, he would have been party to many examples of illegal activity, and harm to individuals e.g. beating up retrograde gang members, selling crack-cocaine and occasionally the planning of drive-by shootings.